Yang Wei, Guo Juanli
Course Name: ArchitectureDesignIforUndergra-duates Grade 3
Course Code: S2293191
Course Module: Disciplinary bases
Responsible: Yang Wei, Guo Juanli
Department:Tianjin International Engineering Institute
Time Allocation(1 credit hour = 45 minutes)
There are two projects for Architecture Design I for Undergraduate Grade 3: Xi'an ecological service center design project and Dongying Yellow River estuary wetland park visitor center and small inn design project. Students can choose one from the two projects. The teaching requirements of the course are as follows:
1. To stimulate students' enthusiasm for architectural design, to cultivate students' ability to think in space, to solve the relationship of architectural aesthetics-space-energy saving, and to achieve self-creative ability and consciousness.
2. To learn the basic methods of architectural design, to master architectural cartographic specifications and design specifications, and to master the basic principles of architectural design. The concepts of base analysis, functional division, streamline organization and preliminary structural system are established to solve the spatial structure relationship of each functional module and to express the architectural concepts through architectural vocabulary.
3. To cultivate the ability to accurately draw and make models, to preliminarily grasp the technical drawing methods of the architectural planes, facades and sections, and to understand the fundamentals of building standards related to the curriculum design.
4. The combination of active and passive adaptive energy efficiency strategies
High-tech building energy efficiency programs not only significantly increase the initial construction costs, but also cause greater environmental impact during the maintenance and replacement in a later time. Adaptive energy efficiency and renewable energy strategies can reduce costs, and may achieve better results. Under the guidance of the principle of bioclimatology, we will promote the natural lighting and ventilation through the space organization, improve the thermal insulation performance of the building by means of structural measures, create a pleasant microclimate with the help of the greening and landscape, and adopt the high and new technology in the key parts.
5. Renewable energy utilization technology
We aim to design an efficient equipment system by the use of solar energy, ground source heat pump (GSHP) and other renewable energy sources according to local conditions.
6. Modular construction system that can be disassembled
Light steel, light wood, container and other structural systems can be taken into consideration. The use of construction system that can be disassembled not only makes it easy for the maintenance and replacement of partitions, facades and equipment systems, but also makes it possible for dismantling in the building renovation or after the building is abandoned, and some of the components can be recycled directly after treatment. The flexibility and adaptability of space as well as the furniture arrangement can also be taken into consideration.
It is recommended that each group adopts different construction systems, such as light steel structures, timber structures, container modules, or hybrid structures.
7. Elastic design principles
It is suggested to consider design strategies in response to natural disasters, emergencies (water and electricity being cut off, road thrust etc.), and environmental changes according to the characteristics of the selected bases and the users.
The course aims to help students understand the architectural design process, grasp of the basic principles and methods of architectural design, understand the fundamentals of building structure, construction and material, as well as develop creativity, imagination and expression ability.
Master plan 1:500
Aerial view diagram
Building plan, facade, section drawing 1:200
Building plan, facade, section drawing of the module unit 1:50
Axonometric diagram or axonometric decomposition diagram (explosion diagram) of the module unit 1:50
Human viewpoint perspective
Model (general model, integral building model, or unit module model)
Building design, sustainable building design, building energy efficiency
September 13: Project proposal and assignment book briefing
Homework: Find cases, brainstorm and construct ideas, set up the base model 1: 500,1: 200
September 19: Case study and initial program formulation, group report and comment
September 23: General plan and single design concept sketch, technical strategy and diagramming, group discussion
September 26: The overall layout of the volume model (entity or SU)
Module unit design
Graphic analysis of technical strategy
Group reporting and discussion
September 30: Technical strategy discussion and deepening
Week 4 (Making arrangements in advance due to the National Day holiday)
October 10: Mid-term virtual presentation
October 14: Design modifications, models, sketches
October 17: Design deepening, sketching
October 21: Design deepening, scheme drawing
October 24: Design deepening, scheme drawing
October 28: Performance, renderings, model
October 31: Performance, renderings, model
November 4: Final virtual presentation
Textbooks & References
CT1: To understand the domain of architecture and develop the ability to analyse problems from the perspectives of humanities, technology, aesthetics, etc.
CT2: To apply the knowledge in building design, building physics, automatic control, HVAC and communications to the integrated solutions with intelligent eco-buildings as the carrier.
CT3: To obtain a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the orientation and function of the intelligent eco-architecture course, and to develop the ability to propose intelligent ecological architecture schemes and optimize the design schemes through the study of the related subjects, knowledge structures, thinking modes and subject hotspots of the intelligent ecological architecture.
Students: Building, Year 2