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Architecture Design I for Undergraduates Grade 3



Yang Wei, Guo Juanli



Course Name: ArchitectureDesignIforUndergra-duates Grade 3

Course Code: S2293191

Semester: 5

Credit: 4

Program: Building

Course Module: Disciplinary bases

Responsible: Yang Wei, Guo Juanli


Department:Tianjin International Engineering Institute

Time Allocation(1 credit hour = 45 minutes)





Internship (days)

Personal Work







Course Description

There are two projects for Architecture Design I for Undergraduate Grade 3: Xi'an ecological service center design project and Dongying Yellow River estuary wetland park visitor center and small inn design project. Students can choose one from the two projects. The teaching requirements of the course are as follows:

1. To stimulate students' enthusiasm for architectural design, to cultivate students' ability to think in space, to solve the relationship of architectural aesthetics-space-energy saving, and to achieve self-creative ability and consciousness.

2. To learn the basic methods of architectural design, to master architectural cartographic specifications and design specifications, and to master the basic principles of architectural design. The concepts of base analysis, functional division, streamline organization and preliminary structural system are established to solve the spatial structure relationship of each functional module and to express the architectural concepts through architectural vocabulary.

3. To cultivate the ability to accurately draw and make models, to preliminarily grasp the technical drawing methods of the architectural planes, facades and sections, and to understand the fundamentals of building standards related to the curriculum design.

4. The combination of active and passive adaptive energy efficiency strategies

High-tech building energy efficiency programs not only significantly increase the initial construction costs, but also cause greater environmental impact during the maintenance and replacement in a later time. Adaptive energy efficiency and renewable energy strategies can reduce costs, and may achieve better results. Under the guidance of the principle of bioclimatology, we will promote the natural lighting and ventilation through the space organization, improve the thermal insulation performance of the building by means of structural measures, create a pleasant microclimate with the help of the greening and landscape, and adopt the high and new technology in the key parts.

5. Renewable energy utilization technology

We aim to design an efficient equipment system by the use of solar energy, ground source heat pump (GSHP) and other renewable energy sources according to local conditions.

6. Modular construction system that can be disassembled

Light steel, light wood, container and other structural systems can be taken into consideration. The use of construction system that can be disassembled not only makes it easy for the maintenance and replacement of partitions, facades and equipment systems, but also makes it possible for dismantling in the building renovation or after the building is abandoned, and some of the components can be recycled directly after treatment. The flexibility and adaptability of space as well as the furniture arrangement can also be taken into consideration.

It is recommended that each group adopts different construction systems, such as light steel structures, timber structures, container modules, or hybrid structures.

7. Elastic design principles

It is suggested to consider design strategies in response to natural disasters, emergencies (water and electricity being cut off, road thrust etc.), and environmental changes according to the characteristics of the selected bases and the users.

The course aims to help students understand the architectural design process, grasp of the basic principles and methods of architectural design, understand the fundamentals of building structure, construction and material, as well as develop creativity, imagination and expression ability.

Outcome requirements:

Master plan 1:500

Aerial view diagram

Building plan, facade, section drawing 1:200

Building plan, facade, section drawing of the module unit 1:50

Axonometric diagram or axonometric decomposition diagram (explosion diagram) of the module unit 1:50

Human viewpoint perspective

Model (general model, integral building model, or unit module model)


Building design, sustainable building design, building energy efficiency

Course Objectives

  • Students are expected to establish a holistic concept of sustainable building design and learn the appropriate design methods. Students will discuss the corresponding design methods from the aspects of bioclimatic design method, the combination of active and passive adaptive energy efficiency strategies, sustainable use of building materials, modular building system and integrated furniture design so as to reduce the environmental impact and cost of building life cycle, as well as to meet the requirements of function, beauty and comfort. The course encourages multi-disciplinary cooperation, and recommends the use of simulation and calculation methods to assist in the optimization of program design.

Course Syllabus

Week I:

September 13: Project proposal and assignment book briefing

Homework: Find cases, brainstorm and construct ideas, set up the base model 1: 500,1: 200

Week 2:

September 19: Case study and initial program formulation, group report and comment

September 23: General plan and single design concept sketch, technical strategy and diagramming, group discussion

Week 3:

September 26: The overall layout of the volume model (entity or SU)

Module unit design

Graphic analysis of technical strategy

Group reporting and discussion

September 30: Technical strategy discussion and deepening

Week 4 (Making arrangements in advance due to the National Day holiday)

Week 5:

October 10: Mid-term virtual presentation

October 14: Design modifications, models, sketches

Week 6:

October 17: Design deepening, sketching

October 21: Design deepening, scheme drawing

Week 7:

October 24: Design deepening, scheme drawing

October 28: Performance, renderings, model

Week 8:

October 31: Performance, renderings, model

November 4: Final virtual presentation

Textbooks & References

  • Code for Design of Pension FacilitiesGB 50867-2013

  • Contemporary Nursing Homes and Old Age Apartment Design, Phoenix Space, Beijing, Jiangsu People's Publishing House

  • Residential Design for Elderly People, Consortium (the author), the ElderlyHousing Consortium, China Construction Industry Press, 2011

  • Fen Great Visitor Center Program

  • Mountain Hut Program

  • Low-tek website

  • Container Architecture (Design Guide +30 Case Study), Jure Kotnik, Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, 2013

  • Chapelle de Ronchampextension (Nuns quarters)

Capability Tasks

CT1: To understand the domain of architecture and develop the ability to analyse problems from the perspectives of humanities, technology, aesthetics, etc.

CT2: To apply the knowledge in building design, building physics, automatic control, HVAC and communications to the integrated solutions with intelligent eco-buildings as the carrier.

CT3: To obtain a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the orientation and function of the intelligent eco-architecture course, and to develop the ability to propose intelligent ecological architecture schemes and optimize the design schemes through the study of the related subjects, knowledge structures, thinking modes and subject hotspots of the intelligent ecological architecture.

Students: Building, Year 2